It’s a country . . . it’s a continent . . . it’s got beaches, deserts, mountains, and great cities. Australia is a place that’s both ancient and modern, with remote wilderness and teeming urban areas. In this part, we give you glimpses of all the above, with some of our personal bests in lodging, dining, attractions, and activities. We also offer up a brief history of human presence on the continent, add some advice on the seasons (they go by opposites!), and provide four suggested itineraries for your stay.